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Strona 1 FOCUS 1 GRAMMAR REVIEW 1 Make positive sentences (+), negative sentences (–) Present Simple i Present Continuous and questions (?) in the Present Simple. Czasu Present Simple używamy, gdy mówimy o: Monkeys / like / bananas (+) Monkeys like bananas. • regularnie powtarzających się czynnościach: 1 he / watch TV / in the evenings (+) I often go to the gym. • stanach i niezmiennych sytuacjach: My uncle lives in Toronto. 2 my mother / drink / coffee (–) • upodobaniach, używając czasowników takich jak love, hate, prefer itp.: 3 Donald / spend / Christmas / at home / every year (+) I love Chinese food. Zdania oznajmujące Zdania przeczące 4 you / often / go / shopping (?) I/You/We/ I/You/ run. don’t (do not) run. They We/They 5 my aunt / work / at school (–) doesn’t (does not) He/She/It runs. He/she/It run. 6 he / speak French (?) Pytania ogólne Krótkie odpowiedzi I/you/we/ Yes, I/you/we/they do. Do run? 2 Complete the sentences with the Present Continuous they No, I/you/we/they don’t. Yes, he/she/it does. forms of the verbs in brackets. Does he/she/it run? No, he/she/it doesn’t. Andy is looking (look) at the watch now. Określenia czasu często używane w czasie Present Simple: always, 1 My mum (have) lunch in the kitchen. usually, often, sometimes, never, every day/week/year, on Sundays. 2 The cat (run) round the garden. Przysłówków częstotliwości always, usually, often, sometimes i never używamy: 3 He (not/work) now, he • po czasowniku be: (swim) in the pool. Tom is usually late to school. 4 you (read) at the • przed czasownikiem głównym: moment? My dad usually reads at home. 5 This summer my sister (work) in Wyrażenia every day, every Sunday, every weekend a restaurant. umieszczamy zazwyczaj na końcu zdania: 6 your best friend (laugh) My dad washes his car every Sunday. now? Czasu Present Continuous używamy, gdy mówimy o: 3 Complete the dialogue with the correct Present • czynnościach mających miejsce w chwili, w której o nich Simple or Present Continuous forms of the verbs in mówimy: My grandfather is sleeping. brackets. • czynnościach odbywających się tylko przez pewien czas: A: Hi Louisa, what are you doing (you/do)? I’m saving for a new game. 1 you (watch) TV? Warto pamiętać, że niektóre czasowniki nie przyjmują formy B: No, I’m not. You can turn it off. czasu Present Continuous (np. like, hate, know, love, need, A: Why 2 you (pack) your prefer, understand, want): bag? I really don’t understand you. B: I need to go. My friend 3 (wait) for me. Zdania oznajmujące Zdania przeczące Today we 4 (study) for the big test. ’m not A: Oh, I see. Yes, you often 5 (have) tests I ’m (am) I (am not) at the beginning of the week. You/We/ You/We/ aren’t B: Yeah. Before I go, I 6 (want) to talk to ’re (are) running. running. They They (are not) Jane. Where is she? He/She/ isn’t ’s (is) He/She/It A: She 7 (play) in the garden. It (is not) B: Right. She always 8 (play) basketball Pytania ogólne Krótkie odpowiedzi after dinner. Anyway, I 9 (need) to go Am I Yes, I am. / No, I’m not. now. Please tell Mum that I 10 (study) you/we/ Yes, you/we/they are. with Steve. Are running? No, you/we/they aren’t. they A: You often 11 (study) with Steve! he/she/ Yes, he/she/it is. Is B: Erm, I have to go. Bye! it No, he/she/it isn’t. Określenia czasu często używane w czasie Present Continuous: at present, at the moment, (right) now, these days, this morning/ month/year/summer, today. 133 Strona 2 FOCUS 1 GRAMMAR REVIEW 4 SPEAKING Put the words in the correct order to make questions in the Present Simple or Present Past Simple Continuous. Make any changes if necessary. Czasu Past Simple używamy, gdy mówimy o czynnościach, Then ask and answer the questions in pairs. które wykonaliśmy w przeszłości. Często wspominamy też, Andy / watch / what / now kiedy zostały one wykonane: What is Andy watching now? My friend went to London last summer. 1 you / what / today / wear / ? Czasowniki regularne Czasowniki nieregularne 2 live / your / near / school / ? / you Najczęściej: + -ed: np. finish – finished become – became, Zakończone na -e: + -d: break – broke, buy – bought, 3 what / like / ? / most / console games / you like – liked do – did, find – found, Spółgłoska +y: -ied: go – went, have – had, 4 usually / what / you / for breakfast / ? / have cry – cried put – put, meet – met, run – ran, say – said, Jedna samogłoska + jedna see – saw spółgłoska: podwojenie 5 book / you / ? / read / what / now spółgłoski + -ed: stop – stopped 6 to school / ? / wear / what / you / usually Zdania oznajmujące Zdania przeczące 7 right now / ? / work / anywhere / you I/You/ I/You/He/She/ didn’t (did not) worked. He/She/It/ work. It/We/They We/They 8 play / ? / the guitar / any of your friends Pytania ogólne Krótkie odpowiedzi 5 SPEAKING Make sentences in the Present Simple or Yes, I/you/he/she/it/we/they Present Continuous that are true for you, your family I/you/he/ did. or friends. Use the words and phrases from the two Did she/it/we/ work? they No, I/you/he/she/it/we/they boxes. Then compare your answers in pairs. didn’t. always at the moment every day never Pytania szczegółowe often on Sundays sometimes this morning this summer today usually When did I/you/he/she/it/we/they work? be late for school get up early go to the gym Formy czasownika be w czasie Past Simple to was/were. W pytaniach oraz przeczeniach nie używamy did: have a shower help my parents at home play chess post on Facebook study a lot Were you at school yesterday? visit friends watch TV wear jeans W czasie Past Simple czasownik can zmienia formę na could. work in a restaurant Tworząc pytania oraz przeczenia, nie używamy did: I go to the gym every day. Could you ride a bike when you were five? Do you often go to the gym? Określenia czasu często używane w czasie Past Simple: yesterday 6 SPEAKING Complete the sentences with the words (morning/evening), in 2015, days/years ago, last night/week. from the box. Then discuss the sentences in pairs. at days every every day 1 Complete the sentences with the Past Simple forms never on usually of the regular verbs in brackets. His father worked (work) yesterday. My sister usually helps our mum. 1 His grandfather (live) in Germany many 1 We often clean the bathroom years ago but he (not/work) there. Saturdays. 2 you (stay) long at the 2 My parents don’t like rock music. They party on Saturday? go to concerts with me. 3 Caroline (not/study) hard for the exam last week and she (fail). 3 the moment we are learning English. 4 Jane’s boyfriend (stop) playing the 4 My friend goes to school by bus . piano when he (start) high school. 5 My mum is working a lot these . 5 I (follow) his fanpage during his trip to 6 I watch my favourite TV show Sunday. Asia. 6 he (play) basketball yesterday? 134 Strona 3 FOCUS 1 GRAMMAR REVIEW 2 Complete the sentences with the Past Simple forms 4 Write questions in the Past Simple about the underlined of the irregular verbs in brackets and short answers. parts of the answers. I sent (send) him a letter a week ago. They were at home at 5. 1 A: you any souvenirs Where were they at 5? when you in England? (buy, be) 1 Sophie went to a great party yesterday. B: No, I .I time. (not/have) 2 He watched a comedy last night. 2 A: you at the concert with Ben? (be) B: No, I with Alan and Sue. (go) 3 My favourite subject at school was Science. 3 A: Tina her leg when she 4 Alice read more than fifty books last year. in the Alps. (break, be) B: she to hospital? (go) 5 Sue’s parents bought a big house in 2015. A: Luckily, yes, she . 4 A: you your keys 6 I didn’t go shopping because I felt sick. yesterday? (find) B: Yes, I .I them in my 7 Yesterday I sent more than fifty emails. bag. (find) 5 A: Mr Kay marathons 8 My sister could swim when she was six. when he younger? (run, be) B: Yes, he . He also a lot. (swim) 5 SPEAKING Put the prompts in the correct order to 6 A: your brothers when make questions in the Past Simple. Then ask and they children? (fight, be) answer the questions in pairs. B: Yes, they . My younger brother last / good / a / night / watch / movie always . (win) Did you watch a good movie last night? 7 A: your primary school teachers nice 1 yesterday / what / school / to / wear to you? (be) B: Yes, they .I them 2 go / where / last / on / holiday / year a lot. (like) 8 A: you a nice present for 3 who / weekend / meet / at / the your birthday? (get) B: No, I a new dress but I 4 what / yesterday / time / get / up some books. (want, get) 3 Complete the story with the Past Simple forms of the 5 busy / be / Saturday / at / 6 p.m. / on verbs in brackets. 6 child / what / time / doing / in / be / your / like / free / Alan’s weekend when / you / a Last weekend I visited (visit) my grandparents. I1 (take) a train after school. It 7 night / what / last / do 2 (snow) a lot, so we 3 (want) to go skiing on Saturday. When I 4 (arrive), 8 like / school / primary / your we all went to bed early. Unfortunately, I 5 (forget) to set the alarm clock and we didn’t wake up on time. It 6 (be) already 10 a.m! We 6 SPEAKING Make questions about the text in Exercise 3 7 (not/have) breakfast. We 8 in the Past Simple and answer them. Then ask and (be) in a hurry because the weather 9 answer the questions about your weekend in pairs. (be) fantastic and we 10 (want) to spend snow a lot / at the weekend a lot of time outside. We 11 (run) to the Did it snow a lot at the weekend? car and 12 (drive) to the slope. When we 1 set / the alarm clock / on Friday 13 (get) out of the car, my grandfather 14 (look) at the beautiful mountain and 2 have / breakfast / on Saturday 15 (say): ‘I love skiing. Let’s start!’ Then he 16 (turn) back. I 17 (can) see 3 be / the weather / nice his face. It 18 (be) red. He 19 (start) to shout: ‘Skis! Where are the skiis?’ There 4 go / to the mountains 20 (be) no skis. We 21 (not/ pack) our skis. When we 22 (come) home, 5 laugh / a lot we 23 (have) warm tea and 24 (laugh) a lot. The weekend was very funny! 135 Strona 4 FOCUS 1 GRAMMAR REVIEW 2 Make questions in the Present Perfect. Then complete Present Perfect the short answers. Czasu Present Perfect używamy, gdy mówimy o czynnościach, your dog / be / for a walk które zakończyły się w przeszłości, choć nie wiemy, kiedy to się Has your dog been for a walk? Yes, it has. stało, lub nie jest to istotne: 1 your parents / book / a trip to Asia Kate has visited Edinburgh. Yes, 2 you / see / Mary have/has + forma past participle głównego czasownika Yes, Czasowniki regularne Czasowniki nieregularne 3 Mark / buy / a new bike No, Takie same formy jak np. break – broken, 4 your best friend / try / kitesurfing w czasie Past Simple buy – bought, do – done, find – found, + -ed have – had, put – put, Yes, meet – met, say – said 5 Fiona / go shopping Yes, Zdania oznajmujące Zdania przeczące 3 Write true affirmative or negative sentences about your partner. Use the Present Perfect and the phrases I/You/ I/You/We/ haven’t (have below. ’ve (have) worked. We/They They not) worked. see a movie more than three times He/She/ hasn’t (has My partner has never seen a movie more than ’s (has) worked. He/She/It It not) worked. three times. 1 be camping Pytania ogólne Krótkie odpowiedzi I/you/ Yes, I/you/we/they have. 2 write a poem Have worked? we/they No, I/you/we/they haven’t. 3 sing in a karaoke bar Yes, he/she/it has. Has he/she/it worked? No, he/she/it hasn’t. 4 ride a camel Pytania szczegółowe 5 win a medal Why have I/you/we/they worked? Określenia czasu często używane w czasie Present Perfect: 6 go bungee jumping ever (w pytaniach), never (w przeczeniach), yet (w pytaniach i przeczeniach), already (w twierdzeniach). 4 SPEAKING Ask and answer the questions in Exercise 3. Have you ever been to Italy? He has never tried onion soup. A: Have you ever been camping? We have just arrived. B: Yes, I have. Have you finished your dinner yet? A: Oh, I was wrong. I have already seen this film twice. 5 Use the words to make true sentences about been to gone to someone you know. Use the Present Perfect, never, yet and already. Make changes if necessary. Gdy nie jesteśmy już Gdy nadal jesteśmy book / a ticket online w danym miejscu: w danym miejscu: My mum has never booked a ticket online. Have you been to Italy? Is Tom in? Yes, I’ve been there twice. No, he isn’t. He has gone 1 take / the dog / for a walk to the library. 2 eat / in / a Chinese restaurant 1 Complete the sentences with the Present Perfect 3 bag / leave / at the airport forms of the verbs in brackets. I have already finished (finish) my homework. 4 go / to / a pyjama party 1 I (not/do) my homework yet. 2 What you (change) in your 5 fail / an exam room? 3 We already (read) this article. 6 talk / to / a famous actor 4 They (be) to America twice. 5 you (water) the flowers? 6 her sister (cut) her hair very short? 136 Strona 5 FOCUS 1 GRAMMAR REVIEW A: Yes, I 6 .7 ’m also going to look be going to for a pair of new shoes for her. What time are you Konstrukcji be going to + bezokolicznika używamy, gdy going to 8 back from the concert? mówimy o zamiarach i planach, które mogą się zmienić: M: 9 ’re going to be back before 8 p.m. My sister is going to study law. S: 10 you going to take a taxi home? Zdania oznajmujące Zdania przeczące M: No, we 11 . S: OK, have fun, Mary, and call me when you are back! ’m not I am I M: Sure! Bye! (am not) S: Bye! You/ You/ aren’t We/ are going We/ going 3 Complete the dialogues with be going to and the run. (are not) run. They to They to correct forms of the verbs in brackets. He/ He/ Brian is poor at Maths. Are you going to help A: isn’t She/ is She/ (is not) (you/help) him? It It B: Of course I am! Pytania ogólne Krótkie odpowiedzi 1 A: Neil (be) at your Am I Yes, I am. No, I’m not. wedding? you/ B: No, . Yes, you/we/they are. Are we/ going 2 A: What (he/do) with his old car? run? No, you/we/they aren’t. they to B: He (not/sell) it. He he/ Yes, he/she/it is. (keep) it in his garage. Is she/it No, he/she/it isn’t. 3 A: (they/stay) with us for dinner? Pytania szczegółowe B: No, . They (leave) am I early. Why are you/we/they going to run? 4 Make true sentences. Use I’m going to or I’m not going to. is he/she/it I’m not going to stay for dinner. 1 sleep after school. 1 Complete the sentences with be going to and the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. 2 visit my dentist this month. She is going to go (go) to a concert on Saturday. 3 have guests at the weekend. 1 We (visit) a lot of museums this summer. 4 buy a new smartphone this year. 2 your brother (watch) 5 do the shopping on Friday. a football match tonight? 6 be rich one day! 3 we (have) a break soon? 5 SPEAKING Ask and answer questions about the 4 Sheila (not/cook) dinner. sentences in Exercise 4 in pairs. 5 Donald (spend) his holidays at home. A: Are you going to sleep after school? 6 What (you/do) after class? B: Yes, I am. 7 I (not/wait) for you any longer. 2 Complete the telephone conversation with the words 6 SPEAKING Make questions with be going to and the and phrases from the box. There are two extra words. words. Then ask and answer the questions in pairs. what / study am are (x2) aren’t be do going What are you going to study? I is isn’t not to you we 1 what / do / tomorrow M: Hi, Susan! It’s Mary. How are you? 2 what / eat / tonight S: Hi, love! I’m good! I’m getting ready to go out for the concert. What are you going to do tonight? 3 where / travel / next summer M: I’m going 1 go shopping with my sister. S: Oh, great! Are you 2 to buy the new dress 4 what / buy / at the weekend we talked about last week? M: No, I’m 3 . My sister Sue 4 going 5 visit a doctor / this month to visit our aunt in Spain, and she needs some clothes. 6 start / a summer job / in July S: Are 5 going to help her? 137 Strona 6 FOCUS 1 GRAMMAR REVIEW 3 SPEAKING Make predictions about the year 2100 will – przewidywania with will + get/become + comparative adjective. Chcąc opisać przewidywania na temat przyszłości sformułowane Then discuss the predictions in pairs. na podstawie naszych opinii, odczuć lub doświadczeń, używamy food / cheaper Food will become cheaper. will/won’t: 1 pollution / bad I think he will finish the test on time. 2 petrol / expensive Zdania oznajmujące Zdania przeczące 3 schools / good I/You/ I/You/ 4 temperatures / high won’t He/She/ He/She/ ’ll (will) change. (will change. 5 intelligent technologies / popular It/We/ It/We/ not) They They 6 electric cars / available Pytania ogólne Krótkie odpowiedzi Yes, I/you/he/she/it/we/they 4 Make predictions about your partner. Use I think you I/you/ he/she/ will. will / I don’t think you will. Will change? it/we/ No, I/you/he/she/it/we/they go to the USA I think you will go to the USA one day. they won’t. 1 learn to speak Chinese Pytania szczegółowe When will I/you/he/she/it/we/they change? 2 be a famous actor Forma przyszła can/can’t to will/won’t be able to: People will be able to travel fast. 3 write a book Gdy chcemy powiedzieć, że dana sytuacja może ulec zmianie, używamy will + get/become + przymiotnika w stopniu wyższym: Food will become more expensive. 4 study with me at the same university 5 live and work in a foreign country 1 Complete the sentences with will and the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. There will be (be) taxis to the moon. 6 become the president 1 I hope tigers (not/die) out. 2 the icebergs (melt)? 7 live with your parents 3 People (not/use) mobile phones. 4 A lot of things (not/change). 5 SPEAKING Make predictions about people’s lives 5 oceans and lakes (disappear)? in 200 years. Write at least one sentence for each 6 What the cheapest means of transport category. Then discuss the predictions in pairs. (be)? Travel: In 200 years planes will not have pilots. 2 Make predictions about fifty years from now. Use the 1 Shopping future form of can/can’t and the words below. Robots can’t think. 2 Nature In fifty years robots will be able to think. 1 We can’t travel in time. 3 Free time In fifty years 2 People can’t breathe under water. 4 Education In fifty years 3 Scientists can’t find a cure for cancer. 5 Work In fifty years 4 We can’t stop a hurricane. 6 Transport In fifty years 5 We can’t see through walls. 7 Food In fifty years 6 Cars can’t fly. 8 Family In fifty years 9 Health 138 Strona 7 FOCUS 1 GRAMMAR REVIEW 2 Your friend has some problems. Give him/her advice. must, have to i should Make sentences with should/shouldn’t and the phrases Must używamy w sytuacji, gdy w odczuciu osoby mówiącej in brackets. dana czynność jest obowiązkiem lub koniecznością: ‘I have a problem with my computer.’ (buy) We must hurry. You should buy a new one. Aby wyrazić zakaz, używamy mustn’t: We mustn’t smoke here. 1 ‘It’s 8 o’clock. I will be late for school!’ (hurry) Chcąc udzielić rady, używamy should/shouldn’t: You should drink it. 2 ‘I have a terrible toothache.’ (go to a dentist) Must, mustn’t, should i shouldn’t są czasownikami modalnymi, które przyjmują taką samą formę we wszystkich osobach. 3 ‘My school grades are poor.’ (worry about your grades) Zdania twierdzące Zdania przeczące I/You/He/ must / I/You/He/ 4 ‘I don’t have enough money to go on holiday.’ mustn’t / She/It/We/ should go. She/It/We/ go. (spend) shouldn’t They They 5 ‘I am tired because I go to bed late every day.’ Gdy mówimy o zasadach, regulacjach i nakazach (go to bed early) pochodzących od osób trzecich (coś jest koniecznością, ponieważ taka jest zasada, prawo lub ktoś inny tak twierdzi), używamy have to: 3 Make sentences you would say to your little brother/ We have to wear uniforms. sister. Use must, mustn’t and the phrases below. Chcąc powiedzieć, że jakaś czynność nie jest koniecznością, używamy don’t have to (nie mustn’t): argue with Mum We don’t have to get up early tomorrow. You mustn’t argue with Mum. 1 open the door to strangers Zdania twierdzące Zdania przeczące I/You/ I/You/ don’t 2 go to bed before 9 p.m. have to go. go. We/They We/They have to doesn’t 3 go to school He/She/It has to go. He/She/It have to go. 4 take my phone Pytania ogólne Krótkie odpowiedzi 5 eat too much chocolate I/you/ Yes, I/you/we/they do. Do we/they have to No, I/you/we/they don’t. go? 6 brush your teeth every day he/she/ Yes, he/she/it does. Does it No, he/she/it doesn’t. 7 be nice to your friends Pytania szczegółowe Why do you have to go? Why does she have to go? 4 Rewrite the sentences about rules in a library. Use should, shouldn’t, mustn’t and have to. 1 SPEAKING Make questions with have to and the phrases It is necessary to give books back on time. below. Then ask and answer the questions in pairs. You have to give books back on time. parents / visit school regularly 1 It is necessary to be quiet. Do parents have to visit your school regularly? Yes, they do. You 1 policemen / wear uniforms 2 If you are younger than eight, don’t go there alone. You 2 a secretary / be good at swimming 3 It’s a good idea to listen to your friends’ advice. You 3 a teacher / prepare for lessons 4 When you are at the library, don’t speak. 4 students / pay for sandwiches in your school You 5 It isn’t a good idea to take more than two books at 5 you / do your homework every day a time. You 139 Strona 8 FOCUS 1 GRAMMAR REVIEW 5 Make true sentences with must, should or have to in Rzeczowniki policzalne i niepoliczalne, przedimki the correct form and the phrases below. help my sister with her homework Rzeczowniki policzalne można Rzeczowników I must help my sister with her homework. policzyć i dlatego mają formę niepoliczalnych nie można 1 do the washing up / every day liczby mnogiej, np. banana, policzyć, więc mają tylko bottle, girl. formę liczby pojedynczej, np. milk, meat, cheese. 2 go to bed / early Z rzeczownikami policzalnymi Z rzeczownikami używamy: niepoliczalnymi używamy: 3 my parents / go to work / every day Liczba Liczba • the pojedyncza mnoga • some / any 4 go to school / on Saturday • a / an • some / any • how much, a lot of • the • h ow many, 5 my best friend / be home before 10 p.m. a lot of Some używamy w zdaniach twierdzących, zaś any w przeczeniach i pytaniach. 6 cook / for my family There are some bananas on the We don’t have any milk 7 go / to school / on foot table. Are there any eggs? but we have some cheese. How many bananas are there? How much milk is left? There are a lot of bananas left. There is a lot of meat on the plate. 6 Your friend wants to study at a very good university. Give him/her advice. Make sentences with must, mustn’t, have to, don’t have to, should and shouldn’t A/an używamy z rzeczownikami The używamy z and the phrases below. policzalnymi w liczbie pojedynczej, rzeczownikami policzalnymi gdy: w liczbie pojedynczej i You must study Maths. You don’t have to be good at • mówimy o danej rzeczy lub mnogiej, gdy: swimming. osobie po raz pierwszy: • wspominamy daną rzecz 1 study Maths/Biology/History/Geography/… a lot There is a banana in the fridge. lub osobę ponownie: • dana rzecz lub osoba jest jedną The banana is fresh. z wielu: • wiadomo, o jakiej rzeczy 2 study at weekends/at nights He is a nice man. mowa lub jest ona jedyna w swoim rodzaju: This pizza is the best in 3 be good at Biology/swimming/computers/Maths/ the world. History/… Przedimków nie używamy, gdy: 4 be creative/well-organised/… • mówimy o rzeczach w sposób ogólny: Bananas are healthy. • podajemy nazwy dni tygodnia, miesięcy, miast i większości 5 do extra homework in … krajów, np. August, Monday. 6 practise your English/German/… a lot 1 Write C (countable) or U (uncountable) next to the words below. 7 be late to school girl C 8 be active during lessons 1 banana 8 time 2 meat 9 cherry 3 water 10 money 9 party all night long 4 tomato 11 jam 5 egg 12 butter 10 read articles on foreign websites 6 rice 13 black pepper 7 bread 11 be interested in current affairs 12 go to art galleries and museums 140 Strona 9 FOCUS 1 GRAMMAR REVIEW 2 Complete the questions with how many and how much. 6 SPEAKING Make questions with how much and how How much milk do you drink a week? many and the phrases below. Then ask and answer 1 apples do you eat a week? the questions in pairs. In your answers, use a, an, 2 juice is there in your fridge? some, any, a lot of, the and Ø (no article). 3 tea do you usually drink a day? time / to get dressed 4 potatoes do you need for dinner? How much time do you need to get dressed? 5 bread have you bought this month? I need a lot of time to get dressed. 6 bottles of ketchup do we need for the 1 books / on your shelf hotdogs? 7 sugar do we have in the cupboard? 8 hamburgers does he eat a month? 2 snow / outside 3 Complete the sentences with a, an, some and any. 3 balloons / for your birthday party There is a nice book on the shelf. 1 She always has egg and coffee for breakfast. 4 shoes / in your wardrobe 2 Adam wanted to make cake but there isn’t milk. 5 homework / for tomorrow 3 Look! There is bottle of water on the floor. 4 There are books on his desk. 6 films / a year 5 Hi, Mum. Could you make sandwich for me please? 6 There isn’t cheese on the pizza. 7 money / for the holidays 7 There aren’t reporters in front of the house. 8 Is there jacket in the wardrobe? 8 music / listen 4 Complete the sentences with a, an, the and Ø (no article). Ø London is beautiful. 7 SPEAKING Complete the sentences with a, an, 1 It was good day. We went shopping to the and Ø (no article). Then discuss the statements Leeds and bought nice sofa. in pairs. 2 There is famous restaurant in my area. I love reading Ø books. restaurant serves tasty Indian 1 There are a lot of good shops on main food. street in our town. 3 Thanks, Mum. sandwiches were delicious. 4 There is very good school of English in 2 Sopot Festival attracts a lot of famous city centre. musicians. I want to go to festival next 5 He is vegetarian and he doesn’t eat year. meat. 3 dogs are great pets. 6 It is usually very hot in Italy in 4 chocolate is bad for you. June. 5 women drive better than men. 7 She bought packet of excellent 6 Yesterday was great day. tea in supermarket yesterday. 7 I love watching films. film 8 On Monday I am going to visit my I watched last weekend was great. uncle who lives in countryside and has a lot of horses. 8 I would love to visit London in summer. 5 Complete the sentences with the words from the box. 9 fast food is good for active people. a an any many much some the 10 one and only play I saw last year was interesting. The baby wants some milk. 11 Mexican cuisine is best in 1 I don’t want soup. I don’t like it. world. 2 How carrots are there in the bag? 12 It’s easier to concentrate at night than in 3 Brian’s mum is famous doctor. morning. 4 How chocolate do you want on your ice-cream? 5 Thank you! meal was great! 6 There is egg in the bowl. 141 Strona 10 FOCUS 1 GRAMMAR REVIEW Powtórzenie czasów Konstrukcji be going to oraz will/won’t używamy, gdy mówimy o przyszłości. Czasu Present Simple używamy, gdy mówimy o rutynowych Gdy mówimy o zamiarach i planach, które mogą czynnościach, stanach, niezmiennych sytuacjach i upodobaniach ulec zmianie, używamy konstrukcji be going to + (używając czasowników takich jak love, hate, like, prefer itp.). bezokolicznika. Czasu Present Continuous używamy, gdy mówimy o czynnościach Will/won’t używamy, gdy mówimy o przewidywaniach odbywających się w chwili mówienia o nich oraz o czynnościach sformułowanych na podstawie naszych opinii, odczuć trwających tylko przez pewien czas. Niektóre czasowniki lub doświadczeń. (np. like, hate, prefer, understand) nie mają formy czasu Present Continuous. 3 Complete the sentences with the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. Use will or be going to. 1 Make questions about the underlined parts of the 1 A: Why is Mum going out? sentences. B: She (go) the jeweller’s. Perhaps she She is waiting for her boyfriend. (find) a nice watch there. Who is she waiting for? 2 A: Jessica (be) a model and she goes 1 Maria often goes to the cinema. to the gym every day to keep fit. I think she (be/good) at modelling. What do you 2 We are drinking coffee. think? B: Yes, I am sure, she (be). 3 He trains every day because he wants to become (you/be) a model too? a professional footballer. 3 A: I don’t like Mathematics. I (not/study) it. What (you/study)? 4 Her aunt visits her twice a month. Czasu Past Simple używamy, gdy mówimy o czynnościach zakończonych w przeszłości. Często też dodajemy, kiedy 5 I am reading a great thriller now. miały one miejsce. Aby zadać pytanie w czasie Past Simple, zwykle 6 We live in Italy. potrzebujemy czasownika posiłkowego did. Ponieważ w czasie Past Simple be przyjmuje formy 7 Tom usually wears black jeans to school. was/were, nie używamy did do tworzenia pytań i przeczeń z tym czasownikiem. 8 He goes to the gym on Mondays. 4 SPEAKING Make yes/no questions with the words from the box and the phrases below. Then, ask and 2 Complete the sentences with the verbs from the box answer the questions in pairs. in the correct form of the Present Simple or Present Continuous. a month ago at the weekend last week last year two days ago yesterday yesterday morning be (x2) eat not be not watch play revise sleep talk (x2) watch work go / you the library Did you go to the library yesterday? 1 Sally is a doctor. She in a hospital. Yes, I did. 2 Her baby in the bedroom right now. 1 watch / a good film 3 At the moment they about the last exercise. 2 cook / your mum 4 They often comedies together. 5 The children in the house. They 3 go / to the party football outside. 6 Alex the match now because he 4 learn / for the test for the test. 7 We vegetarians. We never 5 be / grandfather / on holiday meat. 8 I always to my mum when I have 6 get / a present / for your birthday a problem. 7 get up / early 142 Strona 11 FOCUS 1 GRAMMAR REVIEW 5 Write wh- questions for the sentences in Exercise 4. 8 SPEAKING Make true sentences in the Present Use the words in brackets. Perfect with the phrases below. Then compare the Did you go to the library yesterday? Yes, I did. sentences in pairs. How many (borrow) the most expensive car / drive How many books did you borrow? The most expensive car I have ever driven is a Ferrari. I borrowed five books. 1 the best teacher / know 1 What (watch) 2 What (cook) 2 the cheapest restaurant / eat 3 How many people (be) 3 the fastest / car 4 How long (learn) 4 the most beautiful city / be 5 Where (go) 5 the most expensive ticket / buy 6 What present (get) 7 What time (get up) 6 the best mobile app / use Czasu Present Perfect używamy, gdy mówimy 9 Complete the sentences with the correct forms of the o czynnościach, które zakończyły się w przeszłości, verbs in brackets. Then change the underlined words ale nie wiemy lub nie jest istotne, kiedy dokładnie and phrases to make true sentences about you, your miały miejsce. family and friends. They (drink) a lot of coffee every day. 6 Complete the sentences with the words from the box. They drink a lot of coffee every day. My mum drinks been (x2) ever gone have just never yet a lot of coffee every day. I don’t drink a lot of coffee every day. Has Megan ever been abroad? 1 I (already/pass) the driving test. 1 My boyfriend has taken me to the theatre. 2 We haven’t finished this project . 3 I have made a huge mistake. 2 When I (be) five, I (read) a lot of books. 4 Your trousers are all dirty. Where have you ? 5 They have never to Rome. 6 you tried skiing? 3 My sisters often (go) shopping for clothes. 7 His parents have to the UK. They are in London now. 4 Susan (spend) last weekend in the mountains. 7 Make short answers to the questions. Do you like horror films? Yes, I do. 5 My father (can/speak) two foreign languages when he finishes his language course next 1 Will people use pens in the future? year. No, . 2 Have you read his latest book? No, . 6 I (use) a great app to learn English now. 3 Does she often log in to this computer? No, . 7 At the moment I (not/work) anywhere. 4 Is he listening to the radio now? Yes, . 5 Has she opened the letter yet? Yes, . 6 Did you play the guitar when you were a child? Yes, . 7 Will there be books at schools in 2100? No, . 143